Tag Archives: Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder

Filipino PWDs this February 2019

Had there been persons with disabilities who took advantage of the early registration?

The latest data that The PWD Forum could find was from a report in February 7. A total of 760,530 incoming kindergarten, and grades 1, 7 and 11 had preregistered in public schools across the country for School Year 2019 to 2020—11 days  after the Department of Education (DepEd) announced the Early Registration Module of the Learner Information System (LIS).

About 215,363 came from Region 4-A or Calabarzon (Cavite, Laguna, Batangas, Rizal and Quezon), 127,285 from the National Capital Region (Metro Manila), 69,257 from Region 8 (Eastern Visayas), and 64,972 from Region 10 (Northern Mindanao).

In 2010, most of the persons with disabilities in the country are in Region IV-A.

In any case, the secretary of the Department of Health has agreed that students should be made to understand mental health conditions.

Dapat pinapakilala na itong pagtanggal sa stigma sa eskuwelahan pa lamang para yung mga bata maintindihan na may ganitong mental health conditions na kailangan maintindihan at tugunan ng tama at hindi ibig sabihin ay hopeless case na yung kondisyon,” he has said in the report.

Letting PWDs study alongside non-PWDs has been one of the things I aimed for when I started this blog. I have no doubts that this will help everyone just like what it has done to Palestinian artist Mohamed Dalo; Czech athletes Jiří Ježek, Martin Kovář, Běla Hlaváčková, and Petra Kurková; and Bahamians Townsely Roberts and Gary Russell.

If PWDs and non-PWDs study together, as I have argued when The PWD Forum turned four, there would be no need to build exclusive educational institutions. Even PWDs can finish degrees: Maricel Apatan, Marc Joseph EscoraSafiya Mundus, Arnel Navales Aba, and Godfrey Esperanzate Taberna. We just have to believe.

Apparently, not everyone is willing to give PWDs a chance. The JCSGO Christian Academy has been alleged in a report to have discriminated an incoming third grade student with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD).

Under education for all, wala tayo dapat tinatanggihan ang bata na mag-aral, anuman ang kanyang maging kalagayan. Kailangan nating mabigyan ng pantay na karapatan ang lahat ng bata para makapag-aral.” ~ DepEd National Capital Region Director Willie Cabral

Disability in order

Countries with institutions on social security are one and the same in considering the following disabilities to be given benefits (in alphabetical order) –

ADHD – Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

Alcohol or Drug Addiction


Alopecia areata


Anxiety Disorder



Autism and Asperger’s

Bipolar Disorder

Burn Injury

Carpal Tunnel Syndrome

Celiac disease

Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease

Chronic Migraines

Chronic Pain

Cleft lip and palate

COPD and Emphysema

Coronary Artery Disease

Crohn’s Disease

Crohn’s disease

Cystic fibrosis

Degenerative Disc Disease



Disorders of the Spine



Eating disorders




Fetal alcohol syndrome


GERD (Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease)


Growth hormone deficiency

Hearing Loss

Heart Failure


High Blood Pressure


Huntington’s disease

Inflammatory bowel disease

Interstitial Cystitis

Irritable Bowel Syndrome

Kidney Failure

Lactose intolerance

Liver Disease

Lupus, or systemic lupus erythmaosus

Lyme Disease


Multiple sclerosis (MS)

Muscular dystrophy


Neuropathy, Peripheral Neuropathy


Obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD)

Organic Mental Disorders (incuding Organic Brain Syndrome)

Panic Attacks

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)


PTSD, Post Traumatic Stress Disorder

Rheumatoid Arthritis

RSD, or Reflex Sympathetic Dystrophy

Ruptured Disc




Seizure Disorder

Sickle cell anemia

Sleep Apnea

Spina bifida

Spinal cord injury

Stroke (CVA, Cerebrovascular Accident)

Thyroid disease

Tourette syndrome

Traumatic Brain Injury, or TBI

Turner syndrome

Ulcerative Colitis

Ulcerative colitis


Vision Loss

Williams syndrome

There are disabilities, though, that are “invisible.” Examples of these are renal failure, agoraphobia, arachnoiditis, Coeliac Disease, Ehlers Danlos Syndrome, Fructose Malabsorption, Hyperhidrosis, Hypoglycemia, Interstitial Cystitis, Myasthenia Gravis, Reflex Sympathetic Dystrophy, Schnitzler’s Syndrome, Scleroderma, Sjagren’s syndrome, Temporomandibular Joint Disorder, and Transverse Myelitis.

It is, thus, necessary, beneficial, and practicable to integrate special education (SPED) in the basic and secondary curriculum of every country.

One doesn’t have to finish grade school and high school first before being given the option to study SPED.

A certain illness could be discovered and considered a disability at any given moment, too.

SPED would be the saying “prevention is better than cure” practiced.

Currently, 19% of the less educated people have disabilities1. Eighty percent of the PWDs, too, live in developing countries2.

Disability rates are significantly higher, too, among the member countries of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) with lower educational attainment.

“We have a responsibility to ensure that every individual has the opportunity to receive a high-quality education, from prekindergarten to elementary and secondary, to special education, to technical and higher education and beyond.” ~ Jim Jeffords

1 Based on the information collated by the United Nations

2 Based on the information collated by the UN Development Programme


Video from the YouTube Cannel of Julia Davila


Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD or ADD) is a neurobehavioral development disorder.

It is a kind of developmental disability that should be dealt with both psychotherapy interventions and medications; Medication alone cannot address the core issues a child or an adult with ADHD has. Likewise, psychotherapy and other specific therapeutic interventions are mandatory.

In psychotherapy (otherwise referred to as cognitive-behavioral therapy), the patients are assisted in their thoughts, feelings and emotions. There would be social skills training that teach patients the necessary behaviors in developing and maintaining social relationships. It is usually done in therapy offices or at homes by the parents themselves.

In medications, methylphenidate (e.g. Ritalin, Concerta, Metadate, Methylin) and amphetamines (Dexedrine, Dextrostat, Adderall) are the most commonly prescribed. They are both beneficial in curving hyperactivity and impulsivity in the patients.

There are newer drugs to treat ADD/ADHD to date. These non-stimulant medications include the Strattera and Vyvanse. Adult patients, on the other hand, can take antidepressants (Tricyclics, Venlafaxine, Bupropion) that targets the brain chemicals dopamine and norepinephrine as well as nicotine cravings.

And there are software and gadgets, too! MathPad, MathPad Plus and MathTalk present numbers onscreen, which can be read aloud by a speech synthesizer. Products featured in Independent Living Aids, MaxiAids, and AbleData range from pocket-sized to desktop-sized with an alarm to keep students moving along.

Audible.com and bookshare.org allow one to listen to books downloaded on a computer. Kurzweil 3000 improves reading speed and comprehension by converting a printed text to an electronic one.

Optical character recognition (OCR) programs—such as the WYNN Literacy Software Solution, Quicktionary 2 Scanning Translator, and Readingpen Basic Edition—can scan printed material into a computer or handheld unit. The scanned text can be read aloud on a computer screen through the speech synthesis/screen reading system in Aspire Reader 4.0, ClassMate Reader, and Read&Write Gold.

Portable word processors aid writing; some of them are even pre-loaded with word prediction and text-to-speech software. They are lightweight and battery-powered machines that can be brought to school. Examples of which are the AlphaSmart Writer Learning Neo, Fusion, and QuickPad.

For those whose oral language skills appear to be superior to their writing skills, there is the Dragon NaturallySpeaking, Simply Speaking, ViaVoice, and MacSpeech that can help them. Aurora Suite, Co:Writer, EZ Keys, and WordQ can “predict” and assist in producing grammatically correct and topic-specific sentences and paragraphs on a word processor.

Exercise, though, remains to be the most affordable treatment. The medical journal Pediatrics found out that kids who took part in a regular physical activity program showed important enhancement of cognitive performance and brain function. The findings “demonstrate a causal effect of a physical program on executive control, and provide support for physical activity for improving childhood cognition and brain health,” according to University of Illinois professor Charles Hillman and colleagues.

“ADD is like going through life, carrying a one-man band contraption with a broken strap.” -Julia Smith-Ruetz

Video taken from the YouTube Channel of the University of California Television (UCTV)